A term coined by Dr D.O.Cauldwell in the early 1950s to describe the case of a girl who desperately desired to be a boy, transsexualism first came to public consciousness in 1953 with the case of maleto-female transsexual Christine Jorgensen. Despite advancements in hormonal and surgical techniques, sex changes, as they are commonly known, are still prohibitively expensive, rarely available on the National Health and emotionally and physically painful processes for those who undergo them. In addition, the British state continues to disregard change of sex with reference to birth certificates, job protection and adoption, a fact that has led to a number of cases (currently under review) being taken to the European Court of Human Rights.
   See also: ‘gender benders’

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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